L. Smith, T. Hainsworth, Z. Jordan, X. Bell, R. MacCurdy, "A Seamless Workflow for Design and Fabrication of Multimaterial Pneumatic Soft Actuators." Accepted for Publication in IEEE CASE Proceedings 2021.

Accepted for Publication in IEEE CASE Proceedings 2021

B. Hayes, G. L. Whiting, and R. MacCurdy , "Modeling of contactless bubble–bubble interactions in microchannels with integrated inertial pumps" , Physics of Fluids 33, (2021)

@article{doi:10.1063/5.0041924,
author = {Hayes,B. and Whiting,G. L. and MacCurdy,R. },
title = {Modeling of contactless bubble–bubble interactions in microchannels with integrated inertial pumps},
journal = {Physics of Fluids},
volume = {33},
number = {4},
pages = {042002},
year = {2021},
doi = {10.1063/5.0041924},
URL = {
https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0041924
},
eprint = {
https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0041924
}
}


A Fabrication Free, 3D Printed, Multi-Material, Self-Sensing Soft Actuator
T Hainsworth, L Smith, S Alexander, R MacCurdy
IEEE Robotics and Automation Letters 5 (3), 4118-4125

@article{hainsworth2020fabrication,
title={A Fabrication Free, 3D Printed, Multi-Material, Self-Sensing Soft Actuator},
author={Hainsworth, Travis and Smith, Lawrence and Alexander, Sebastian and MacCurdy, Robert},
journal={IEEE Robotics and Automation Letters},
volume={5},
number={3},
pages={4118--4125},
year={2020},
publisher={IEEE}
}

The surprising creativity of digital evolution: A collection of anecdotes from the evolutionary computation and artificial life research communities
J Lehman, J Clune, D Misevic, C Adami, L Altenberg, J Beaulieu, ...
Artificial Life 26 (2), 274-306 136 2020

@article{lehman2020surprising,
title={The surprising creativity of digital evolution: A collection of anecdotes from the evolutionary computation and artificial life research communities},
author={Lehman, Joel and Clune, Jeff and Misevic, Dusan and Adami, Christoph and Altenberg, Lee and Beaulieu, Julie and Bentley, Peter J and Bernard, Samuel and Beslon, Guillaume and Bryson, David M and others},
journal={Artificial Life},
volume={26},
number={2},
pages={274--306},
year={2020},
publisher={MIT Press}
}

MacCurdy, Robert B., et al. "Automated Wildlife Radio Tracking." Handbook of Position Location: Theory, Practice, and Advances, Second Edition (2018): 1219-1261.

@article{maccurdy2018automated,
title={Automated Wildlife Radio Tracking},
author={MacCurdy, Robert B and Bijleveld, Allert I and Gabrielson, Richard M and Cortopassi, Kathryn A},
journal={Handbook of Position Location: Theory, Practice, and Advances, Second Edition},
pages={1219--1261},
year={2018},
publisher={Wiley Online Library}
}

J. Lipton, R. MacCurdy, Z. Manchester, L. Chin, D. Cellucci, D. Rus. "Handedness in shearing auxetics creates rigid and compliant structures". Science, 11 May 2018, PP 632-635

@ARTICLE{Lipton2018,
author = {Lipton, Jeffrey Ian and MacCurdy, Robert and Manchester, Zachary and Chin, Lillian and Cellucci, Daniel and Rus, Daniela},
title = {Handedness in shearing auxetics creates rigid and compliant structures},
journal = {Science},
year = {2018},
volume = {360},
pages = {632--635},
number = {6389},
doi = {10.1126/science.aar4586},
eprint = {http://science.sciencemag.org/content/360/6389/632.full.pdf},
issn = {0036-8075},
owner = {RobM},
publisher = {American Association for the Advancement of Science}
}

L. Chin, J. Lipton, R. MacCurdy, J. Romanishin, C. Sharma, D. Rus. "Compliant Electric Actuators Based on Handed Shearing Auxetics". Proceedings of IEEE-RAS International Conference on Soft Robotics (RoboSoft), April 2018

@INPROCEEDINGS{LillianChin2018,
author = {Lillian Chin, Jeffrey Lipton, Robert MacCurdy, John Romanishin, Chetan Sharma, Daniela Rus},
title = {Compliant Electric Actuators Based on Handed Shearing Auxetics},
booktitle = {Proceedings of IEEE-RAS International Conference on Soft Robotics (RoboSoft)},
year = {2018},
journal = {IEEE-RAS International Conference on Soft Robotics (RoboSoft)}
}

R. Katzschmann, J. DelPreto, R. MacCurdy, D. Rus. "Exploration of underwater life with an acoustically controlled soft robotic fish". Science Robotics, 21 Mar 2018

@ARTICLE{Katzschmanneaar3449,
author = {Katzschmann, Robert K. and DelPreto, Joseph and MacCurdy, Robert and Rus, Daniela},
title = {Exploration of underwater life with an acoustically controlled soft robotic fish},
journal = {Science Robotics},
year = {2018},
volume = {3},
number = {16},
doi = {10.1126/scirobotics.aar3449},
eprint = {http://robotics.sciencemag.org/content/3/16/eaar3449.full.pdf},
file = {:C\:\\Dropbox (Personal)\\Junction\\Documents\\Refs & Journal Articles\\MyPubs\\2018_Katzschmann-Exploration of underwater life with an acoustically controlled soft robot fish.pdf:PDF},
owner = {RobM},
publisher = {Science Robotics},
}

Maggini, I.; Kennedy, L. V.; Elliott, K. H.; Dean, K. M.; MacCurdy, R.; Macmillan, A.; Pritsos, C. A. & Guglielmo, C. G., "Trouble on takeoff: Crude oil on feathers reduces escape performance of shorebirds", Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety , 2017, 141, 171 - 177

D. Cellucci, R. MacCurdy, H. Lipson and S. Risi "1D Printing of Recyclable Robots", IEEE Robotics and Automation Letters , 2017, PP, 1 - 1

@Article{Risi2017_ribo,
author = {D. Cellucci and R. MacCurdy and H. Lipson and S. Risi},
title = {1D Printing of Recyclable Robots},
journal = {IEEE Robotics and Automation Letters},
year = {2017},
volume = {PP},
pages = {1-1},
number = {99},
doi = {10.1109/LRA.2017.2716418},
issn = {2377-3766},
keywords = {AI-Based Methods;Assembly;Mechanism Design;Neural and Fuzzy Control},
}

MacCurdy R, Lipton J, Li S and Rus D (2016), "Printable Programmable Viscoelastic Materials for Robots", In 2016 2016 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS)

@conference{maccurdy_visco,
author = {Robert MacCurdy and Jeffery Lipton and Shuguang Li and Daniela Rus},
title = {Printable Programmable Viscoelastic Materials for Robots},
booktitle = {2016 2016 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS)},
year = {2016},
note = {IROS (submitted)}
}

MacCurdy R, Katzschmann R, Kim Y and Rus D (2016), "Printable hydraulics: A method for fabricating robots by 3D co-printing solids and liquids", In 2016 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA)., May, 2016. , pp. 3878-3885.

@conference{maccurdyprintedhydraulics,
author = {R. MacCurdy and R. Katzschmann and Youbin Kim and D. Rus},
title = {Printable hydraulics: A method for fabricating robots by 3D co-printing solids and liquids},
booktitle = {2016 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA)},
year = {2016},
pages = {3878-3885},
doi = {10.1109/ICRA.2016.7487576}
}

Bijleveld AI, MacCurdy RB, Chan YC, Penning E, Gabrielson RM, Cluderay J, Spaulding EL, Dekinga A, Holthuijsen S, ten Horn J, Brugge M, van Gils JA, Winkler DW and Piersma T (2016), "Understanding spatial distributions: Negative density-dependence in prey causes predators to trade-off prey quantity with quality", Proc. R. Soc. B. Vol. 283(1828), pp. 20151557.

@article{allertbijleveld2015,
author = {Bijleveld, Allert I. and MacCurdy, Robert B. and Chan, Ying Chi and Penning, Emma and Gabrielson, Rich M. and Cluderay, John and Spaulding, Eric L. and Dekinga, Anne and Holthuijsen, Sander and ten Horn, Job and Brugge, Maarten and van Gils, Jan A. and Winkler, David W. and Piersma, Theunis},
title = {Understanding spatial distributions: Negative density-dependence in prey causes predators to trade-off prey quantity with quality},
journal = {Proc. R. Soc. B},
year = {2016},
volume = {283},
number = {1828},
pages = {20151557},
url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2015.1557},
doi = {10.1098/rspb.2015.1557}
}

DelPreto J, Katzschmann R, MacCurdy R and Rus D (2015), "A Compact Acoustic Communication Module for Remote Control Underwater", In Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Underwater Networks & Systems. , pp. 13.

@inproceedings{delpreto2015compact,
author = {DelPreto, Joseph and Katzschmann, Robert and MacCurdy, Robert and Rus, Daniela},
title = {A Compact Acoustic Communication Module for Remote Control Underwater},
booktitle = {Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Underwater Networks & Systems},
year = {2015},
pages = {13}
}

MacCurdy R and Lipson H (2015), "System and Methods for Additive Manufacturing of Electromechanical Assemblies", PCT Patent Application. April, 2015.

@misc{2015_maccurdy_hybprint_pat,
author = {Robert MacCurdy and Hod Lipson},
title = {System and Methods for Additive Manufacturing of Electromechanical Assemblies},
howpublished = {PCT Patent Application}
year = {2015},
note = {PCT/US2015/026848}
}

Shafer MW, MacCurdy R, Shipley JR, Winkler D, Guglielmo CG and Garcia E (2015), "The case for energy harvesting on wildlife in flight", Smart Materials and Structures. Vol. 24(2), pp. 025031. IOP Publishing.

@article{shafer2015case,
author = {Shafer, Michael W and MacCurdy, Robert and Shipley, J Ryan and Winkler, David and Guglielmo, Christopher G and Garcia, Ephrahim},
title = {The case for energy harvesting on wildlife in flight},
journal = {Smart Materials and Structures},
publisher = {IOP Publishing},
year = {2015},
volume = {24},
number = {2},
pages = {025031}
}

MacCurdy R and Lipson H (2014), "Hybrid printing of photopolymers and electromechanical assemblies", In Proceedings of the 25th Solid Freeform Fabrication Symposium.

@inproceedings{MacCurdy2014a,
author = {MacCurdy, R and Lipson, H},
title = {Hybrid printing of photopolymers and electromechanical assemblies},
booktitle = {Proceedings of the 25th Solid Freeform Fabrication Symposium},
year = {2014}
}

Cheney N, MacCurdy R, Clune J and Lipson H (2014), "Unshackling evolution: evolving soft robots with multiple materials and a powerful generative encoding", ACM SIGEVOlution. Vol. 7(1), pp. 11-23. ACM.

@article{cheney2014unshackling,
author = {Nick Cheney and Robert MacCurdy and Jeff Clune and Hod Lipson},
title = {Unshackling evolution: evolving soft robots with multiple materials and a powerful generative encoding},
journal = {ACM SIGEVOlution},
publisher = {ACM},
year = {2014},
volume = {7},
number = {1},
pages = {11--23}
}

MacCurdy R, McNicoll A and Lipson H (2014), "Bitblox: A Printable Digital Material for Electromechanical Machines", International Journal of Robotics Research. Vol. 33(10), pp. 1342-1360.

@article{MacCurdy2014,
author = {Robert MacCurdy and Anthony McNicoll and Hod Lipson},
title = {Bitblox: A Printable Digital Material for Electromechanical Machines},
journal = {International Journal of Robotics Research},
year = {2014},
volume = {33},
number = {10},
pages = {1342-1360},
doi = {10.1177/0278364914532149}
}

Piersma T, MacCurdy RB, Gabrielson RM, Cluderay J, Dekinga A, Spaulding EL, Oudman T, Onrust J, van Gils JA, Winkler DW and Bijleveld AI (2014), "Fine-scale measurements of individual movements within bird flocks: the principles and three applications of TOA tracking", Limosa. Vol. 87, pp. 156-167.

@article{piersma2014,
author = {Piersma, Theunis and MacCurdy, Robert B and Gabrielson, Rich M and Cluderay, John and Dekinga, Anne and Spaulding, Eric L and Oudman, Thomas and Onrust, Jeroen and van Gils, Jan A and Winkler, David W and Bijleveld, Allert I.},
title = {Fine-scale measurements of individual movements within bird flocks: the principles and three applications of TOA tracking},
journal = {Limosa},
year = {2014},
volume = {87},
pages = {156-167}
}

MacCurdy R, Powell S, Gabrielson R and Winkler D (2013), "Digitally controlled tracking device and related methods". October, 2013.

@misc{maccurdy2013,
author = {Robert MacCurdy and Steve Powell and Richard Gabrielson and David Winkler},
title = {Digitally controlled tracking device and related methods},
year = {2013},
note = {U.S. Provisional Patent No. 61/894543}
}

Shafer MW, MacCurdy R and Garcia E (2013), "Testing of vibrational energy harvesting on flying birds", In In Proceedings of ASME Smart Materials, Adaptive Structures and Intelligent Systems (SMASIS).

@inproceedings{Shafer2013,
author = {Shafer, M. W. and MacCurdy, R. and Garcia, E.},
title = {Testing of vibrational energy harvesting on flying birds},
booktitle = {In Proceedings of ASME Smart Materials, Adaptive Structures and Intelligent Systems (SMASIS)},
year = {2013}
}

Cheney N, MacCurdy R, Clune J and Lipson H (2013), "Unshackling Evolution: Evolving Soft Robots with Multiple Materials and a Powerful Generative Encoding", In Proceedings of the15th annual conference on genetic and evolutionary computation (GECCO).

@inproceedings{cheney2013,
author = {Cheney, Nick and MacCurdy, Robert and Clune, Jeff and Lipson, Hod},
title = {Unshackling Evolution: Evolving Soft Robots with Multiple Materials and a Powerful Generative Encoding},
booktitle = {Proceedings of the15th annual conference on genetic and evolutionary computation (GECCO)},
year = {2013}
}

Bridge ES, Kelly JF, Contina A, Gabrielson RM, MacCurdy RB and Winkler DW (2013), "Advances in tracking small migratory birds: a technical review of light-level geolocation", Journal of Field Ornithology. Vol. 84(2), pp. 121-137. Wiley Online Library.

@article{Bridge2013,
author = {Bridge, Eli S and Kelly, Jeffrey F and Contina, Andrea and Gabrielson, Richard M and MacCurdy, Robert B and Winkler, David W},
title = {Advances in tracking small migratory birds: a technical review of light-level geolocation},
journal = {Journal of Field Ornithology},
publisher = {Wiley Online Library},
year = {2013},
volume = {84},
number = {2},
pages = {121--137}
}

Lipton J, MacCurdy R, Boban M, Chartrain N, Withers III L, Gangjee N, Nagai A, Cohen J, Liu KSJ, Qudsi H, Kaufman J and Lipson H (2012), "Fab@ home model 3: a more robust, cost effective and accessible open hardware fabrication platform", In Proceedings of the Twenty Third Annual International Solid Freeform Fabrication Symposium - An Additive Manufacturing Conference, August 6-8, 2012, Austin, Texas, USA..

@inproceedings{Lipton2012,
author = {Lipton, Jeffrey and MacCurdy, Robert and Boban, Matt and Chartrain, Nick and Withers III, Lawrence and Gangjee, Natasha and Nagai, Alex and Cohen, Jeremy and Liu, Karina Sobhani Jimmy and Qudsi, Hana and Kaufman, Jonathan and Lipson, Hod},
title = {Fab@ home model 3: a more robust, cost effective and accessible open hardware fabrication platform},
booktitle = {Proceedings of the Twenty Third Annual International Solid Freeform Fabrication Symposium - An Additive Manufacturing Conference, August 6-8, 2012, Austin, Texas, USA.},
year = {2012}
}

MacCurdy RB, Gabrielson RM and Cortopassi KA (2012), "Automated Wildlife Radio Tracking", Handbook of Position Location: Theory, Practice, and Advances. , pp. 1129-1167. John Wiley & Sons, Inc..

@inbook{maccurdy2012automated,
author = {MacCurdy, Robert B and Gabrielson, Richard M and Cortopassi, Kathryn A},
editor = {Zekavat, Seyed A. and Buehrer, R. Michael.},
title = {Automated Wildlife Radio Tracking},
journal = {Handbook of Position Location: Theory, Practice, and Advances},
publisher = {John Wiley & Sons, Inc.},
year = {2012},
pages = {1129--1167}
}

Valsalam VK, Hiller J, MacCurdy R, Lipson H and Miikkulainen R (2012), "Constructing controllers for physical multilegged robots using the enso neuroevolution approach", Evolutionary Intelligence. Vol. 5(1), pp. 45-56. Springer.

@article{Valsalam2012,
author = {Valsalam, Vinod K and Hiller, Jonathan and MacCurdy, Robert and Lipson, Hod and Miikkulainen, Risto},
title = {Constructing controllers for physical multilegged robots using the enso neuroevolution approach},
journal = {Evolutionary Intelligence},
publisher = {Springer},
year = {2012},
volume = {5},
number = {1},
pages = {45--56},
url = {http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12065-011-0067-y}
}

Shafer MW, MacCurdy R, Garcia E and Winkler D (2012), "Harvestable vibrational energy from an avian source: theoretical predictions vs. measured values", In SPIE Smart Structures and Materials+ Nondestructive Evaluation and Health Monitoring. , pp. 834103-834103.

@inproceedings{Shafer2012,
author = {Shafer, Michael W and MacCurdy, Robert and Garcia, Ephrahim and Winkler, David},
title = {Harvestable vibrational energy from an avian source: theoretical predictions vs. measured values},
booktitle = {SPIE Smart Structures and Materials+ Nondestructive Evaluation and Health Monitoring},
year = {2012},
pages = {834103--834103},
url = {http://proceedings.spiedigitallibrary.org/proceeding.aspx?articleid=1313102}
}

Clark RT, MacCurdy RB, Jung JK, Shaff JE, McCouch SR, Aneshansley DJ and Kochian LV (2011), "Three-dimensional root phenotyping with a novel imaging and software platform", Plant Physiology. Vol. 156(2), pp. 455-465. Am Soc Plant Biol.

@article{Clark2011,
author = {Clark, Randy T and MacCurdy, Robert B and Jung, Janelle K and Shaff, Jon E and McCouch, Susan R and Aneshansley, Daniel J and Kochian, Leon V},
title = {Three-dimensional root phenotyping with a novel imaging and software platform},
journal = {Plant Physiology},
publisher = {Am Soc Plant Biol},
year = {2011},
volume = {156},
number = {2},
pages = {455--465},
url = {http://www.plantphysiol.org/content/156/2/455.short}
}

Reissman T, MacCurdy RB and Garcia E (2011), "Electrical power generation from insect flight", In SPIE Smart Structures and Materials+ Nondestructive Evaluation and Health Monitoring. , pp. 797702-797702.

@inproceedings{reissman2011electrical,
author = {Reissman, Timothy and MacCurdy, Robert B and Garcia, Ephrahim},
title = {Electrical power generation from insect flight},
booktitle = {SPIE Smart Structures and Materials+ Nondestructive Evaluation and Health Monitoring},
year = {2011},
pages = {797702--797702}
}

MacCurdy RB, Gabrielson RM, Spaulding E, Purgue A, Cortopassi KA and Fristrup KM (2009), "Automatic animal tracking using matched filters and time difference of arrival", Journal of Communications. Vol. 4(7), pp. 487-495.

@article{maccurdy2009automatic,
author = {MacCurdy, Robert B and Gabrielson, Richard M and Spaulding, Eric and Purgue, Alejandro and Cortopassi, Kathryn A and Fristrup, Kurt M},
title = {Automatic animal tracking using matched filters and time difference of arrival},
journal = {Journal of Communications},
year = {2009},
volume = {4},
number = {7},
pages = {487--495}
}

MacCurdy RB, Gabrielson RM, Spaulding E, Purgue A, Cortopassi KA and Fristrup KM (2008), "Real-time, automatic animal tracking using direct sequence spread spectrum", In EuWiT 2008. European Conference on Wireless Technology. , pp. 53-56.

@inproceedings{maccurdy2008real,
author = {MacCurdy, Robert B and Gabrielson, Richard M and Spaulding, Eric and Purgue, Alejandro and Cortopassi, Kathryn A and Fristrup, Kurt M},
title = {Real-time, automatic animal tracking using direct sequence spread spectrum},
booktitle = {EuWiT 2008. European Conference on Wireless Technology},
year = {2008},
pages = {53--56},
note = {Runner-up: Best Paper Competition}
}

MacCurdy R, Reissman T, Garcia E and Winkler D (2008), "A methodology for applying energy harvesting to extend wildlife tag lifetime", In Proceedings of ASME IMECE Conference, IMECE2008, 68082.

@inproceedings{MacCurdy2008,
author = {MacCurdy, Robert and Reissman, Timothy and Garcia, Ephrahim and Winkler, David},
title = {A methodology for applying energy harvesting to extend wildlife tag lifetime},
booktitle = {Proceedings of ASME IMECE Conference, IMECE2008, 68082},
year = {2008},
url = {http://link.aip.org/link/abstract/ASMECP/v2008/i48692/p121/s1}
}

MacCurdy RB, Reissman T and Garcia E (2008), "Energy management of multi-component power harvesting systems", In The 15th International Symposium on: Smart Structures and Materials & Nondestructive Evaluation and Health Monitoring. , pp. 692809-692809.

@inproceedings{MacCurdy2008a,
author = {MacCurdy, Robert B and Reissman, Timothy and Garcia, Ephrahim},
title = {Energy management of multi-component power harvesting systems},
booktitle = {The 15th International Symposium on: Smart Structures and Materials+ Nondestructive Evaluation and Health Monitoring},
year = {2008},
pages = {692809--692809},
url = {http://proceedings.spiedigitallibrary.org/proceeding.aspx?articleid=832677}
}

Reissman T, MacCurdy R and Garcia E (2008), "Experimental study of the mechanics of motion of flapping insect flight under weight loading", In Proceedings of ASME SMASIS Conference, SMASIS2008, 661.

@inproceedings{Reissman2008,
author = {Reissman, T. and MacCurdy, R. and Garcia, E.},
title = {Experimental study of the mechanics of motion of flapping insect flight under weight loading},
booktitle = {Proceedings of ASME SMASIS Conference, SMASIS2008, 661},
year = {2008},
url = {http://link.aip.org/link/abstract/ASMECP/v2008/i43321/p699/s1}
}