Our microfluidic research is focused on (a) low-cost fabrication techniques and (b) low-cost micro-pump technologies. We utilize a mix of 3D printing and adhesive transfer tape microfluidics to create customizable microfluidic devices that are low-cost and easy to replicate. To move fluid at the micro-scale, we utilize inertial pumps which are based upon thermal inkjet technology. A high power resistor is used to create a rapidly expanding and collapsing vapor bubble which moves fluid in micro-channels. Our research seeks to understand and apply inertial pumps to lab-on-a-chip technologies.

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3D Printed Microfluidics

We explore 3D printing of microfluidics to enable customizability, multi-material, and rapid prototyping. The ability to 3D print microfluidics allows realization of fully 3D channel geometries and structures previously infeasible through conventional 2.5D soft lithography approaches.

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Thermal Bubble-Based Micro-Pumps

We explore fundamental and practical biomedical/chemical applications of thermal bubble-based micro-pumps via both experimentation and simulation. Thermal bubble-based micro-pumps can be thought of as high power resistors with heat fluxes in excess of 500 W/mm^2 designed to generate vapor bubbles in 5 us to perform mechanical work. We develop complex models accounting for phase change, fluid motion, heat transfer, and surface tension effects that are used to simulate these devices. 


Simulation and Modeling Efforts:

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